Gautama Buddha, "The Buddha" - Born Siddhārtha Gautama, aka Shakyamuni, aka Sakyamuni
- The originator of the theology.
- One who chooses to continue incarnating [ 1 ] Incarnating: See reincarnation in order to teach others the path to Enlightenment.
- The key figure in Mahayana Buddhism.
- Literally meaning enlightened being, this is a soul who through compassion and altruism postpones enlightenment in order to instruct others. The Bodhisattva delays their own entry into Nirvana until all sentient beings are enlightened.
- A monk.
- Historically, this term has referred to the head monk at a Buddhist temple, however, over time the it has come to mean any monk or religious person.
- The ultimate state that each individual works towards. As each soul is reincarnated [ 3 ] Reincarnation: See reincarnation and learns the lessons of the Noble Eightfold Path [ 4 ] See also: The Path , they are brought closer to this state of perfection. When an individual attains this state, they give up the egotism of personal identity and merge with the entire universe. This is a final state for most, except the Bodhisattva who chooses to continue incarnating in order to teach others.
- Influences rebirth allowing reincarnation (The transmigration of the spirit from body to body).
- Buddhism's goal.
- A separation from a kind of ego.
- The ritual advancement of a lifebody. [ 5 ] That's the thing you're in right now. In western terms it's more poetically called "the mortal coil".
The Buddha (Gautama Buddha)
- A Buddha. The originator of Buddhism.
Does not believe in asceticism (sparse living).
- The two major kinds of buddhism
- Japanese Buddhism
- Tathagatagarbha doctrine