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A conscious act of will.
- An inward version is to pursue awareness, mindfulness or the like.
- An outward / practical version is to focus one's thoughts on something -- to reflect on or ponder over. This is the receiving end of point 3, below.
Clearing one's thoughts.
"A Meditation" is a discourse intended to express its author's reflections or to guide others in contemplation.
- This is the "sending" end of point 1b.
-- Variously described: "Consider this deeply", "Selah", etc.
The first two are components of Enlightenment and often lead to the experience of an epiphany. Some version is an instinctive aspect of genius, often seen in sharpening the saw.
A kind of meditation practiced in Zen.
It is usually thought of as sitting meditation. However, the Buddhists call the four dignitaries of man: walking, standing, sitting, and lying.